India has many religions and languages and all the religions consider marriage to be one of the most serious affair. Marriage a way to unite two souls and it can be said that Indian marriages are a perfect combination of tradition as well as celebration and revelry. Interestingly it might be noted that Indian marriage does not necessarily mean a Hindu marriage. It canopies itself with other religion marriages namely Islam, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, Jewish, Buddhism, Jain and Christianity. The Hindu marriage is called ceremony but it would be surprising to know that apart from Hindu marriages, Indian wedding also An Indian wedding may also vary in accordance with the region and community rituals and traditions. There are different kinds of Indian marriages may have different kinds of rituals and traditions, one thing that is very common in all of them is the beautiful display of love, concern, commitment, and emotion.
Wedding in Hinduism
The Marriage in Hinduism is very popular in India.India has majority of Hinduism people.
A Hindu marriage is vivaha and the wedding ceremony is called vivaah sanskar. The Hindus give a lot of importance to marriages. Hinduism belief that every person should be married. The celebrations are very delightful and colourful. The ceremony may extend for several days. The bride’s and groom’s house decorated with colors, balloons and other decorations.
Marriage is one of the biggest occasion that is common to all Hindus. The rituals and process in a Hindu wedding are wide.
Many rituals are very common in Hindu weddings like Kanyadaan, Panigrahana, and Saptapadi, which separates a daughter from her father, voluntarily holding hand near the fire to signify union, and taking seven steps with each step includes a vow/promise to each other before fire. The Hindu wedding is essentially a Vedic yajna ritual. Fire Deity is the primary witness of a Hindu marriage that is called Agni, in the presence of family and friends. The ceremony is traditionally organised entirely, or at least partially in Sanskrit, considered by Hindus as the language of holy ceremonies. The local language of the bride and groom is also used.
Many Customs like Ganesh puja, Haldi, Sagan, Sangeet and Sagaai are held before the wedding function. On the wedding day the most important rituals are Jaimala, Kanyadaan, Sindoor, Mangalphere and Saptapadi. North Indian weddings are very royal and extravagant which are held at night in big venues like marriage palace which are rented.
Types of wedding in Hinduism
Brahma wedding assumed most appropriate marriage, where the father calls an educated man learned in Vedas. Father of bride give his daughter jewels and garments etc. Brahma marriage is now most prevalent in modern India.
The bride is groomed along with ornaments to a priest as a sacrificial fee. This type of marriage occurred in ancient times.
Where groom’s father gives cow and a bull to the father of the bride and the father interchange his daughter in marriage.
Prajapati marriage was akin to a civil ceremony. Where a couple agree to get married by exchanging some Sanskrit mantras “May both of you perform together your duties”.
The couple simply live together out of love, by mutual consent their relationship. This type of marriage was akin to the Western concept of Common-law marriage. Kama Sutra, as well as Rishi Kanva the fore father of Shakuntala in the Mahabharata, claimed gandharva vivah to be an ideal one.
Where groom receives a dowry from the father of the bride and the bride and received the bride in exchange. This was considered marrying off a daughter for money. This marriage was also considered inappropriate by Hindu Smriti.Because greed lead to corruption
where the groom forcefully abducted the girl against her and her family’s will. Rakshasa means devil
where the man forces himself on a girl when she is sleeping, that is drugged or drunken or unconscious.