cricket

History

The origin of the game Cricket was gradual. Cricket was originated in the vast fields of England, supposedly by shepherds who herded their flock It evolved from various sources like a Scottish sport known as ‘cat-and-dog’ and a thirteenth century pass-time called ‘hand in and hand out’.

 

India entered the international arena and played its first official Test against England in 1932.

 

Meanwhile Prince Ranjit Singhji of Nawanagar who had gone to England for further study, made a remarkable name for himself in the game of cricket. He is generally acknowledged as the Father of Indian Cricket although he played only in England.

 

It is one of the oldest games in the world and it continues to thrive today.

 

How Cricket is Played

 

Cricket is played on a grassy field. The Laws of Cricket do not specify the size or shape of the field, but it is often oval. In the centre of the field is a rectangular strip, known as the pitch.

 

Cricket involves two teams with 11 players on each side. The captain who wins the toss decides whether his team bats or bowls first. If they bat first , their aim is to score a lot of runs and make sure the other team does not reach that score.

 

The wickets are places on the field, one behind the bowler and the other behind the striker. Each wicket has three stumps that all stand side by side and the top of the stumps are called bails and these will hold the wickets together. The Wicket Keeper or catcher will require a glove to catch the balls thrown in by the fielders as well as by the bowler. The game is started by the striker and non-striker on the field. The non-striker found by the bowler and is partner of the striker, the striker is ready to have the ball pitched or bowled and is ready to hot the ball and send the game into play.

 

Rules of Cricket

 

  • Cricket rules state that if the ball is bowled and hits the striking batsman’s wickets the batsman is given out (as long as at least one bail is removed by the ball). It does not matter whether the ball has touched the batsman’s bat, gloves, body or any other part of the batsman. However the ball is not allowed to have touched another player or umpire before hitting the wickets.
  • The umpire’s decision during a game is final in all matters that means no arguing with the umpire, even though you may be sure of his misjudgment. However this is rare these days due to the presence of the third umpire.
  • Members of the fielding team cannot distract the batsmen while he is batting. If in case they do that, the umpire can call a dead ball and award five penalty runs to the batting side’s total.
  • A cricket team consists of eleven players, including a captain. Outside of official competitions, teams can agree to play more than eleven-a-side, though no more than eleven players may field.
  • Players in any innings should not waste time in any way. If they do that the umpire first warns the Captain of the offending team and if it continues then five runs are awarded for the other team.
  • The nonbatting side takes up positions in the field. One man is the bowler (similar to the pitcher in baseball), another is the wicketkeeper (similar to the catcher), and the remaining nine are positioned as the captain or the bowler directs (see the figure). The first batsman (the striker) guards his wicket by standing with at least one foot behind the popping crease. His partner (the nonstriker) waits behind the popping crease at the bowler’s end. The bowler tries to hit the batsman’s wicket or to dismisshim in other ways.
  • All players are responsible to avoid unnecessary damage to the pitch during play. If a fielder damages the pitch then a caution will be issued to the fielding captain. Any repeat action from any fielder during the innings and the umpire will add five runs to the batting side’s total. A batsman who damages the pitch will be cautioned by the umpire. If they do it a second time in the same innings, they’ll get a final warning and any runs scored from that delivery, other than no balls or wides, will be disallowed.
  • The batsman is trying to defend the wicket from getting hit with the ball. He does this with a bat. When he hits the ball with his bat, he may run toward the other wicket. To score a run, the two batsmen must both run from their wicket to the other wicket, as many times as they can. If the ball leaves the field after being hit without bouncing, six runs are scored. If the ball rolls or bounces out, whether or not the batter hit it, it counts as four runs.

Cricket Stadiums in India

  • Green Park : Kanpur
  • Eden Gardens : Kolkata
  • M.A. Chidambaram stadium : Chepauk Chennai
  • Feroz Shah Kotla Ground : Delhi
  • Wankhede Stadium : Mumbai
  • M. Chinnaswamy Stadium : Banglore
  • Nehru Stadium : Chennai
  • Vidarbha C.A. Stadium : Nagpur
  • Barbourne Stadium : Mumbai
  • Sardar Patel Stadium : Motera, Ahmedabad
  • Punjab Cricket Association Stadium : Mohali, Punjab
  • Bombay Gymkhana : Mumbai
  • Rajiv Gandhi Stadium : Cuttack
  • Vidarbha C.A. Stadium : Nagpur
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium : Hyderabad
  • Sawai Mansingh Stadium : Jaipur
  • K.D. Singh Babu Stadium : Lucknow
  • Bombay Gymkhana : Mumbai
  • Gandhi Stadium : Jalandhar
  • University Ground : Lucknow
  • Sector 16 Stadium : Chandigarh