• Internet Fundamentals
  • Internet Tools

    A) FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL(FTP) FIP is the standard mechanism provided by TCP/IP for copying a file from one host to another. Transferring files from one computer to another is one of the most common tasks expected from a networking or internetworking environment. It is mainly used for downloading the files (receiving the files from remote computer […]

  • Internet Fundamentals
  • Internet Protocol

    INTERNET PROTOCOL (IP) The internet protocol is the primary carrying protocol for TCP/IP is essentially the envelope that carries the message generated by most of other TCP/IP protocols. It operates at the network layer. IP is a connectionless, unreliable protocol that performs several functions that are critical part of getting packets from source to destination. […]

  • Internet Fundamentals
  • Internet Server

    Server is a system (software and suitable computer hardware) that responds to request, as a computer network to provide, or help to provide, a network service. Servers can be run on a dedicated computer which is also often referred to as “the server”, but many networked computers are capable of hosting server. In many cases, […]

  • Internet Fundamentals
  • History of Internet

    With the invention of nuclear weapons and the beginning of the cold war, the american authorities faced a strategic problem : how could they ensure the reliability and stability of communications after a nuclear attack ?  A governmental organization, known as rand was entrusted with finding the appropriate solution to these problems. Rand’s research determined […]

  • Internet Fundamentals
  • What is Internet

    The term ‘Internet’ also called the ‘Net’, is an international network that connects many thousands of networks & millions of computer across the worlds. In simplest terms we can define internet to be ‘interconnected collection of networks’. The concept of building an internet has been derived from traditional means of communication i.e telephone services. Suppose […]

  • Internet Fundamentals
  • Network Structure

    There are two basic network structure. They are :   Peer to peer network : two or more computers directly connected to one another for the sole purpose of sharing data and hardware resources. In this network, there is no central administrator, therefore each user is responsible for the security and access on his pc. […]

  • Internet Fundamentals
  • Network Topology

    Network Topology The network topology describes the method used to do the physical wiring of the network. The main ones are linear bus, star and ring. 1. Linear topology A linear bus topology consists of a main run of cable with a terminator at each end. All nodes are connected to the linear cable. Ethernet […]