• Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Tree

    The Banyan is one of our most hospitable trees even though it often begins life as a killer. Though it has the capacity to create a forest all on its own it nevertheless needs a miniscule wasp to ensure propagation. And in a strange reversal of roles, its roots grow in the air, hanging down […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Fruit

    Mango is the leading fruit crop of India, originated in the Southern part of India, probably the rainforests of Western Ghats, from where it has been distributed worldwide to become one of the most cultivated fruits in the tropics. Mango is being cultivated in southern Asia for nearly six thousand years. It is the national […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Flower

    Lotus (Nelumbo Nucipera Gaertn) is the National Flower of India. It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial. India is rich in flora. Currently available data place India in the tenth position in […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Flag

    The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel which represents the […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Calender

    Noting that there are slight differences in various calendars used in India, The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India, appointed a Calendar Reform Committee in November 1952 under the chairmanship of the renowned scientist Dr. Meghnad Saha. The committee’s objective was to examine all existing calendars used in India and to propose […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indain National Song

    Vande Mataram (Sanskrit: Vande Mātaram “I do homage to the mother”;) is a poem in the 1882 novel Anandamatha by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay. It is written in a mixture of Bengali and Sanskrit. It is a hymn to the goddess Durga, identified as the national personification of Bengal. It came to be considered the “National Anthem […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • State Emblem of India

    The State Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Asoka which is preserved in the Sarnath Museum. The Lion Capital has four lions mounted back to back on a circular abacus. The frieze of the abacus is adorned with sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Bird

    The Peacock is perhaps Nature’s most resplendent bird, with rich mythological associations & evocative symbolism. Perhaps this is the reason why it is India’s National Bird, representing to the Western eye all that is beautiful, graceful & aesthetically pleasing in Eastern Cultures. In fact, it is believed that Lord Krishna’s purity is exemplified by the […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Animal

    The magnificent tiger, Panthera tigris is a striped animal. It has a thick yellow coat of fur with dark stripes. The combination of grace, strength, agility and enormous power has earned the tiger its pride of place as the national animal of India. Out of eight races of the species known, the Indian race, the […]

  • Indian National Symbols
  • Indian National Anthem

    The Indian National Anthem was sung for the first time one hundred years ago –i.e. on 27th December 1911 at Calcutta in the National Conference of the Congress Party. The Anthem was recited by the poet himself, the Nobel Laureate Gurudeo Ravindranath Tagore. President of the Constitution Committee Dr Rajendraprasad adopted Jana Gana Mana as […]